Why would we consider it a bad thing to ask questions? Why is it more virtuous to simply accept a belief without any examination or query? If you think about it, it’s actually good to think about it, it’s good to think about things before accepting them blindly.
Doubting is a good thing. Blind faith is not really faith at all.
Jesus taught in parables. Jesus told stories that he did not interpret – instead he left the interpretation and the contemplation up to us. Even the interpretations that are in the bible are not part of the quoted words of Jesus, but rather the commentary of the author that is added by Matthew, Mark, Luke, or John. If Jesus didn’t want us to question or think for ourselves, he could have just spoken his teachings in the form of commandments for us to accept. But he spoke them in the form of stories for us to think about and pray over so that we could realize the truth for ourselves. And if we stop doing this and simply accept the interpretations presented to us by the priest or pastor or pope, then we aren’t internalizing the teachings the way Jesus intended.
A few days ago, my good friends Terry and Sarah introduced me to a “radical theologian” by the name of Peter Rollins. We listened to a few chapters from one of his audio books, and it was captivating (and not just because of his Irish accent). I looked up his website and saw the books he has written – and even though I haven’t even had time to read them yet, the titles themselves are thought-provoking:
- The Divine Magician – the Disappearance of Religion and the Discovery of Faith
- The Idolatry of God: Breaking Our Addiction to Certainty and Satisfaction
- Insurrection: To Believe is Human; to Doubt, Divine
“To Believe is Human, to Doubt, Divine.” Yes – to doubt is a virtue; to question and to contemplate is divine. This is the practice of self-inquiry from the East – turning our focus inside to realize from within the truth of the Self and of God. This is the “Inquire Within” of philosophers from every culture. Even Plato’s Allegory of the Cave taught this – do not accept the shadows on the wall of the cave as truth, set your mind free, leave the cave and see for yourself what reality is.
To quote from more than just the title and include the back of the book as well (not that I’m recommending judging a book by its cover, in fact, that is expressly what I am advocating against, but it’s only been a couple of days and I promise if I actually read the books I’ll write about them from a more informed perspective later, but for now…):
“It is only as we submit our spiritual practices, religious rituals, and dogmatic affirmations to the flames of fearless interrogation that we come into contact with the reality that Christianity is in the business of transforming our world.”
Thomas asked questions when Jesus presented a teaching, not as some form of betrayal or undermining, but because he was internalizing the words that Jesus spoke and letting them transform him. He was making the understanding of the truth Jesus was pointing at a part of his being. Thomas doubting Jesus was a sign of respect. In the gospel that was attributed to Thomas, which was later thrown out of the bible and ordered to be burned by Emperor Constantine and the Nicene council, he didn’t focus on Jesus’ birth, biography or even his crucifixion. The Gospel of Thomas is simply a collection of Jesus’ teachings. For Thomas, it wasn’t Jesus’ life story that was important – not even the virgin birth or the miracles and hoopla surrounding his life and death. What mattered to Doubting Thomas was the truth that Jesus taught.
Now, I love everything about Jesus – the miracles and hoopla included. And I think that God can do anything God wants and to split an atom in the womb of the Virgin Mary through the Holy Spirit would be a piece of cake. I don’t have any issues with anyone who chooses to believe that is what happened. And I absolutely feel the presence of Mother Mary as a vibrant holy being filled with tremendous love and compassion here and now, so I have no qualms about people praying to her. She is a saint and a Bodhisattva in her own right – an enlightened soul who is present to help those who ask her for healing.
It’s just that the virgin birth is not a necessary part of my love and faith in Jesus Christ – or Mother Mary, for that matter. I cannot say with certainty if it happened or not, but it doesn’t matter to me and to argue about it seems silly. If God had not split the atom in Mother Mary’s womb through the Holy Spirit but had as a matter of historical fact split that atom through more tradition means, it would not make Mother Mary or Jesus any less holy in my eyes. Mother Mary would still be a being of vast compassion and Jesus would still be an embodiment of God’s love and grace – and his teachings would still hold the seeds of our spiritual freedom in knowing God.
I see this in the title “The Idolatry of God: Breaking our Addiction to Certainty and Satisfaction.” In a sense, if we simply idolize God and Christ and do not doubt or question or contemplate, but just accept our religion because it’s more virtuous to have faith or because it’s more comfortable to feel certain than to question, this is not a very solid faith. It is in practicing the virtue of doubting, of “inquiring within,” that we can really FEEL the truth for ourselves and decide what we truly believe in, not as an outside certainty, but as our internal faith. And while there is nothing I love more than adoring God and I think it is right to give Him thanks and praise, I don’t want to replace the faith of my own inquiry with a blind idolatry of God.
Hiding out within a set of beliefs that is already put forth for you from someone else is in a way not very responsible. God gave us our minds with the ability to think, God gave us free will – so it is honoring of God to actually use them. In fact, on one side of the spectrum simply accepting someone else’s version of religion is downright dangerous.
We see this in extremism – when followers of fanatical religious leaders who spout hate and even violence do not doubt what they are told – and the results are horrific. But we also see this in the less extreme ways where religious beliefs spawn prejudices or social norms that are exclusive and discriminatory – as in gay or lesbian human beings not having the same rights as any other human being. And even though I have never been a religious extremist, I experienced the trappings of this myself by accepting someone else’s certainty as my own and feeling like it was wrong for me to doubt or to question. It kept me disempowered from listening to my inner voice, the living word that exists in my heart and it was quite a struggle for me to embrace the virtue of doubt and listen to my true faith again.
This is why I love the title “the Disappearance of Religion and the Discovery of Faith.” It is in the process of doubting the edicts of religion that we come to true faith. And true faith is only between you and God – it is beyond religion. These are the mystical teachings of Jesus that Thomas loved so much because through his doubt he came to internal knowing.
Faith is not about certainty. In a way, faith is the opposite of certainty. Faith is being a willing and humble participant in the mystery of God. To quote from Peter Rollin’s Wikipedia page (that other cliff notes way of judging a book by its cover) “he views faith as a particular way of engaging with the world rather than a set of beliefs about the world.” Faith is an active process – a verb, a living and flexible transformative power.
“The idea that the truth of God can be bound in any human system, by any human creed, by any human book is almost beyond imagination for me. God is not a Christian, God is not a Jew or a Muslim or a Hindu or a Buddhist. All of those are human systems which human beings have created to try to help us walk into the mystery of God. I honor my tradition, I walk through my tradition, but I don’t believe my tradition defines God, I think it only points me to God.”
So, if we all honor our traditions and walk through our respective religions towards the truth of God that they point to, then we can heal our humanity of the wounds that religion has inflicted and live together in faith. If we all incorporate the practice of Doubting Thomas into our religious experience, we could all stay humble and flexible and live in harmony with other seekers similarly doubting their teachings of God.
Doubt and Faith are two sides of the same coin – it’s the paradox or Yin and Yang of belief. The process of doubt gives our faith depth and dimension. True internal faith is humble enough to not need certainty but to contain within itself its opposite – the virtue of doubt.